Vapor Compression

Air Conditioning and Climate Control Design

SINDA/FLUINT and FloCADĀ® are used in automotive climate control, electronics cooling, and building HVAC design to simulate transient operation of vapor compression (VC) cycles and for the prediction of pressures, coefficients of performance, and condenser/evaporator liquid positions in a closed two-phase system with a fixed fluid charge. The programs can also be used to size components, to estimate the impact of tolerances and other variations, and to help estimate uncertainties given limited test data.

This widespread application of FloCAD to VC cycles is largely due to an increased demand for transient modeling of air conditioning systems needed to improve energy efficiency. FloCAD's unique abilities to analyze transient two-phase phenomena have been recognized as being critical to achieving accurate performance predictions. It also has tools to deal with the complexities of capillary tubes (both steady and transient) and suction line heat exchangers (SLHX).

A key advantage of using FloCAD to model VC cycle air conditioners is that it is not written specifically to address such systems: the general-purpose nature of the code can be exploited to integrate the VC cycle model with detailed models of the application (vehicle, building, electronics cabinet, etc.).

Sample Models:

Applications in this field have included:
Results of Transient Air Conditioning Prediction

  • Component modeling (compressor, evaporator, heat exchangers, heat pump, condenser, throttling devices)
  • Tracking of charge for steady state and transient simulation
  • Cabin/room psychrometrics and venting
  • System pressure prediction
  • Parametrical analysis and design optimization for sizing of compressors and heat exchangers
  • Effects of time- and direction-varying body forces
  • Regenerative interconnections such as SLHX

Publications

Recorded Videos

 

 

flow regimes

Introduction to Two-phase Flow

September 24, 2-3pm MDT

This webinar introduces basic concepts in two-phase flow modeling including quality, void fraction, flow regimes, slip flow, pressure drops and accelerations, and heat transfer.

No knowledge of CRTech software is required. However, references to the corresponding FloCAD features will be made to assist users of that product.

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Introductory FloCAD Training

Class times: September 5, 10, and 12, 2019, 9:00 am to 12:00 pm MDT daily
Cost: no charge (attendees must have an active support contract)

CRTech will be hosting introductory training for FloCAD (Flow Modeling in Thermal Desktop). This is our standard FloCAD class previously hosted in a classroom environment and now restructured for an online teaching environment.

The class will introduce single-phase fluid modeling concepts and how to build fluid models within the FloCAD work environment. Topics covered include an introduction to fluid modeling components, geometric versus non-geometric modeling options, working with FloCAD Pipes, solution control, and an introduction to path and pipe libraries.

The class will be broken into three two- to three-hour sessions held over a 3 day period. The format will be online lecture and demonstration with opportunities to ask questions. Hands-on lab work will be provided to students to work on after each session. To gain the most from this class, students are encouraged to attend all three sessions.

Prerequisites: Attendees must have basic working knowledge of Thermal Desktop as many of its base features will not be covered in this class but their usage is required for FloCAD.

Eligibility Requirement: This class is a service to our customers. All attendees must have an active support contract. If you are unsure of your support status, please contact CRTech.

Click here to register